Leaders are not born, they're made.
Most people has some leadership traits, but too often their talents are not recognized.
Since the leader's effectiveness depends on the way he relates to people, the following are important factors of leadership:
1. Unwavering Courage. It is based upon the knowledge of self, and one's occupation. No follower wishes to be dominated by a leader who lacks self-confidence and courage. No intelligent follower will be dominated by such a leader very long.
2. Self-control. The who cannot control himself can never control others. Self-control set a mighty example for one's followers, which the more intelligent will emulate.
3. A keen sense of justice. Without a sense of fairness and justice, no leader can command and retain the respect of his follower.
4. Definiteness of decisions. The man who waver in his decisions shows that he is not sure of himself, cannot lead other successfully.
5. Definiteness of plans. The successful leader must plan his work and work his plan. A leader who moves by guesswork, without practical, definite plans is comparable to a ship without a rudder.
6. The habit of doing more than paid for. One of the penalties of leadership is the necessity of willingness, upon the part of a leader, to do more than he requires of his followers.
7. A pleasing personality. No slovenly, careless person can become a successful leader. Leadership calls for respect.
8. Sympathy and Understanding. The successful leader must be in sympathy with his followers. Moreover, he must understand them and their problems.
9. Mastery of detail. Successful leadership calls for mastery of the details of the leaders position.
10. Willingness to assume full responsibility. The successful leader must be willing to assume responsibility for the mistake and the shortcomings of his followers. If he tries to shift this responsibility, he will not remain the leader. If one of his followers makes a mistake, and shows himself incompetent, the leader must consider that it is he who failed.
11. Cooperation. The successful leader must understand and apply the principle of cooperative effort and be able to induce his followers to do the same.